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Reading Notes: Nine Ideal Indian Women, Section B

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Sakuntala is the daughter of Bishwamitra (same one from the Ramayana?) after he is seduced by Menaka in order to mess up his austerities so he can't gain too much powerShe is abandoned and raised by sakuntas (a type of bird). Then she is found by Kanva, a holy man, who brings her to his sister Goutami and they adopt herShe meets the Maharajah Dushmanta and they fall in loveHe leaves, promising to send for herOne day she is so busy thinking about him that she is distracted & doesn't notice a hermit asking her for food. He gets mad and curses her so that he will forget about her, but later changes it so he will remember her if she has a token (her ring)
Sage Durvasa Curses Shakuntala
Sakuntala goes to seek him out but she loses her ringHe doesn't recognize her, and she goes back to her hermitage and lives there and has their sonTwo fishermen show up with the ring and he remembers and is very upset and goes to the forest and lives alonethen he hears two people talking about…

Reading Notes: Nine Ideal Indian Women, Section A

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Sita Enters the Deeps of the Earth
Sita means furrowRavan, Ruler of Lanka is a man in this version and he is being punished for forcing holy men to pay tribute"rajkumari" means princessRama is "Ramchandra" in this versionTreta yuga: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treta_Yuga -> time period during which the story takes placeadded section where Rama is challenged by Parashurama (Wikipedia says that Parashurama is another incaration of Vishnu, maybe in a different version?)"very fair and very beautiful"...moral/religious model of disability: Manthara is hunchbacked again in this versioncharacters of Savitri & Satyaban alluded to?Lakshmana is mostly quiet in this versionsubtle differences in character of Bharata;anger based on universal principles rather than reputation (Kohlberg's moral stages)Bharata is not disowned, gets to bury his father"Crowns and kingdoms are but floating straws on the ocean of life. Duty alone is firm and everlasting"…

Comment Wall

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Week 4 Lab: Microfiction

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I have read the famous "baby shoes" six-word story and when I was in high school our literary magazine used to publish a section for six-word stories. One that our English teacher, Mr. Collins, wrote was, "Stood up. Went home. Take out." I was very bad at writing them because I could never come up with a clever way to tell a story without simply saying what happened. For example, the widely accepted interpretation of the shoe story is that the baby died before it got to wear the shoes, and the fact that the parents are selling the shoes might indicate that they are poor, but all of this information is implied rather than explicitly stated, leaving the reader to come to his/her own conclusions. This is related to Ernest Hemingway's "iceberg" theory about short stories, which says that an author should write only the "tip of the iceberg" and the rest of the story should require the reader to read between the lines. (Maybe this is why the baby …

Reading Notes: The Ramayana part D

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Kumbakama (Ravana's brother): taking Sita away was already a bad thing so now Ravana should stop worrying about his reputation and choose between two courses of action: he can return her and ask forgiveness or fight to keep her (recommends the latter)Indrajit (Ravana's son): they shouldn't be so scared of Hanuman and Rama, since all they have is "a crowd of monkeys and some men". He wants to go by himself and kill themVibishana:tells Ravana he has done too much bad stuff and eventually it will catch up to him. He should be careful and release Sita and maybe everything will still be okayRavana gets angry at Vibishana and thinks that he is sympathetic to Rama and his people, tells him to leave because he doesn't want to kill him (Ravana isn't as evil as I thought he would be)values: family ties, loyaltyRama decides to accept Vibishana
Bibliography: The Ramayana by R.K. Narayan

Reading Notes: Narayan's Ramayana, Part C

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Sugreeva's Story"when the gods and demons tried to churn the ocean to obtain nectar, using Mount Meru as a churning rod, they were unable to move the churner"Vali churned the ocean to obtain nectarrewarded by the Shiva: everyone who fights him loses half of his strength to him"possesses the resplendence and the cool complexion of the full moon"Sugreeva chases a demon into a mountain and leaves Vali in chargehe does not return for monthsand is presumed deadVali wants to go after him, but his counsellors persuade him that he should staythey seal up the hole to prevent the demon from coming backVali is angry because he thinks Sugreeva tried to seal him inVali escapes into Mount MatangaSage Matanga said that if Vali entered the mountain all his powers would be gone and "his skull would burst into fragments"Vali also took Sugreeva's wife
Hanuman* "When I was young, my father Vayu Bhagavan commanded me, ‘You shall dedicate your life to the service o…

Feedback Strategies

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How to Give Specific, Quality Feedback Learning to StudentsI liked the pointers this article gives about how you should give feedback. The one I found the most useful was to make your feedback "actionable". I think this is important because when I receive feedback that is actionable and specific I feel that I can more clearly understand what the other person is trying to say, and I feel motivated to continue working on my project, whereas feedback that is vague or difficult to act upon can be discouraging and kind of confusing. Feedback: What is and What Isn'tThe distinction this article makes between feedback and advice was interesting to me. I liked the idea of giving people feedback (telling them what works and what doesn't) with limited advice so that they can come up with their own advice to themselves, which often works better and can kind of be a learning process of its own.